Welcome to the BMTInfonet Drug Database

This guide lists many of the drugs bone marrow, stem cell and cord blood transplants patients receive during treatment. It explains why they are used and some, but not allAcute lymphoblastic leukemia., of the possible side effects.

This guide should not be used as a substitute for a detailed discussion with your doctor and pharmacist about drugs you are being given. If you experience any side effect after taking the drug, even if they are not noted below, consult your doctor immediately.

Some of the drugs in this guide are also used outside the transplant setting. The descriptions of the drugs in this guide pertain only to their use in bone marrow, stem cell or cord blood transplantation.

If you are searching for a drug used by transplant patients and survivors that is not in this database, please contact us at drugdata@bmtinfonet.org.

This database was compiled under the direction of pharmacists knowledgeable about transplantation, but should not be construed as medical advice. Consult your doctor for information about how each drug might affect you.

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Albuterol


Trade Names: 
Proventil®
Trade Names: 
Ventolin®

Possible Uses: 
Decrease spasms in the airway as with asthma. Often used to help with breathing difficulties.

Possible Side Effects: 
Nervousness, tremor, irregular and fast heartbeat, nausea, dizziness, trouble sleeping, sweating.
Last updated on 02/01/2010

Cidofovir


Trade Names: 
Vistide®

Possible Uses: 
Use to treat cytomegalovirus infections (CMV). Also used 'off label' to treat BK virus in the bladder.

Drug Interactions: 
when used in higher doses a drug known as probenecid must also be given to protect the kidneys

Possible Side Effects: 
chills, fevers, headaches, hair loss, rash, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, anemia, neutropenia, weakness, kidney damage, cough, difficulty breathing. Diabetics need to monitor blood glucose as it may be elevated.
Last updated on 02/01/2010

Diclofenac


Trade Names: 
Cataflam®
Trade Names: 
Voltaren®

Possible Uses: 
Relieve nerve pain, bone pain and headaches.

Possible Side Effects: 
Headache, nausea and vomiting, stomach cramps, stomach/intestinal bleeding, swelling of feet or legs, weight gain, constipation, diarrhea, dizziness, drowsiness, ringing in ears, blurred visions, skin sensitivity to light, black stools, bloody vomit, decreased urination, yellowing of eyes or skin, breathing difficulties, swelling of face or around eyes, flu-like feeling, rash, itching, reduced kidney function, liver toxicity. Used only when absolutely necessary, and then with great care, due to bleeding risks.
Last updated on 02/01/2010

Etoposide


Trade Names: 
Etopophos®
Trade Names: 
VePesid®

Alternate Names: 
VP-16

Possible Uses: 
Chemotherapy drug.

Possible Side Effects: 
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, mouth sores, temporary hair loss, low blood pressure, loss of appetite, dizziness, lightheadedness, yellowing of skin or eyes, breathing difficulties, reversible liver disorder, tightening of lungs, irregular heartbeat, confusion, seizures.
Last updated on 02/01/2010

Hydrocodone and acetaminophen


Trade Names: 
Vicodin®

Possible Uses: 
Relieve mild to moderate pain.

Possible Side Effects: 
Constipation, confusion, nausea, vomiting, sleepiness, itching, decreased respiration.
Last updated on 02/01/2010

Immune Globulin


Trade Names: 
Gamimune N®
Trade Names: 
Gammagard®
Trade Names: 
Gammar-IV®
Trade Names: 
Iveegam®
Trade Names: 
PolyGam®
Trade Names: 
Sandoglobulin®
Trade Names: 
Venoglobulin®

Alternate Names: 
IGG
Alternate Names: 
IVIG

Possible Uses: 
Prevent or treat infection while immune system is weak.

Special Notes: 
A product derived from human blood collections.

Possible Side Effects: 
Fever, chills, allergic reaction, rash, flushing, tightness in chest, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, increased blood pressure, headache, fatigue, pain in back, hip or joints, kidney damage.
Last updated on 02/01/2010

Midazolam


Trade Names: 
Versed®

Possible Uses: 
To provide sedation, decrease anxiety prior to procedures or daignostic testing

Drug Interactions: 
may see increased sedation when used with other drugs which cause sedation, such as opioid narcotics

Possible Side Effects: 
Decreased blood pressure, breathing difficulties, nausea, vomiting, hallucinations, confusion, drowsiness.
Last updated on 02/01/2010

Penicillin


Trade Names: 
Pen Vee K®
Trade Names: 
V-Cillin®
Trade Names: 
Veetids®

Possible Uses: 
Prevent or treat bacterial infections.

Possible Side Effects: 
Skin rash, stomach upset, diarrhea, bleeding problems. If patient is allergic, may cause swollen face, throat or lips, breathing difficulties. May also cause a superinfection such as vaginal fungal infection.
Last updated on 02/01/2010

Valacyclovir


Trade Names: 
Valtrex®

Possible Uses: 
Used to prevent or treat viral infections, e.g. herpes infections

Special Notes: 
Available only in tablets

Drug Interactions: 
Varicella Virus Vaccine- may result in decreased effectiveness

Possible Side Effects: 
Diarrhea, headache, nausea, dizziness, rash, fatigue, change in kidney function, confusion, change in liver function.
Last updated on 02/01/2010

Valganciclovir


Trade Names: 
Valcyte®

Possible Uses: 
Used to prevent or treat cytomegalovirus (CMV)

Drug Interactions: 
This drug may increase the effects of mycophenolate. High fat meals increased effect of the drug.

Possible Side Effects: 
fever, chills, headache, rash, nausea, decreased white blood cell counts, dcreased platelet count, anemia, weakness, infusion related reactions,low blood pressure, dizziness, high blood sugar, inflammed eyes, dcreased kidney function.
Last updated on 02/01/2010

Vancomycin


Trade Names: 
Lyphocin®
Trade Names: 
Vancocin®
Trade Names: 
Vancoled®

Possible Uses: 
Prevent or treat bacterial infections.

Possible Side Effects: 
Rash, vein irritation, decrease in kidney function, stomach upset, nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, ringing in the ears, hearing difficulties. If patient is allergic, may cause swollen face, throat or lips, breathing difficulties. If infused too quickly, may cause a flushing and reddening of the skin. This is known as 'red man's syndrome' and is not an allergic reaction.
Last updated on 02/01/2010

Vinblastine


Trade Names: 
Velban®

Alternate Names: 
VBL

Possible Uses: 
A chemotherapy drug.

Possible Side Effects: 
Temporary hair loss, skin rash, stomach pain, constipation, muscle or jaw pain, fever, chills, sore throat, pain in hands or feet, numbness or tingling in hands or feet, breathing difficulties, difficulty urinating, bladder control problems.
Last updated on 02/01/2010

Voriconazole


Possible Uses: 
Use to prevent or treat fungal infectios

Drug Interactions: 
This drug may interfer with many other drugs. Please check with your pharmacist

Possible Side Effects: 
hallucinations, visual changes, rash, fever, low potassium level,nausea, vomiting, and kidney dysfunction.
Last updated on 02/01/2010