Diseases Treated by Transplant

There are more than 100 diseases for which a bone marrow, stem cell or cord blood transplant may be a treatment option.

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A blood stem cell transplant is used most often to treat patients with:

  • multiple myeloma
  • leukemia
  • non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Hodgkin lymphoma
  • myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)
  • myeloproliferative disorders such as myelofibrosis
  • severe aplastic anemia

A blood stem cell transplant can also be a treatment option for patients with:

  • a genetic or inherited disorder, such as sickle cell disease or thalassemia
  • an immune deficiency disease, such as Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome or SCIDS
  • a solid tumor, such as neuroblastoma
  • an autoimmune disease, such as multiple sclerosis

Click here to see more diseases treated by a bone marrow, stem cell or cord blood transplant.

Not all patients with these diseases require a transplant. Blood stem cell transplants are usually reserved for patients:

  • who have a high risk of relapsing (the disease comes back) after less intensive treatment or
  • who have already relapsed or
  • whose quality of life can be improved by a blood stem cell transplant

(To view this page in Spanish click here)

Next Page: Preparing for Transplant

Updated June 2024